Gridded National Inventory of U.S. Methane Emissions
We present a gridded inventory of US anthropogenic methane emissions with 0.1 x 0.1 spatial resolution, monthly temporal resolution, and detailed scale-dependent error characterization. The inventory is designed to be consistent with the 2016 US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks for 2012. The EPA inventory is available only as national totals for different source types. We use a wide range of databases at the state, county, local, and point source level to allocate the spatial and temporal distribution of emissions for individual source types. Results show large differences with the EDGAR v4.2 global gridded inventory of methane emissions commonly used as a priori estimate in inversions of atmospheric methane observations. Grid-dependent error statistics for individual source types are derived from comparison with the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) regional inventory for Northeast Texas, and are extrapolated asymptotically to the national EPA error estimates. These error estimates are independently verified by comparison with the California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Measurement (CALGEM) grid-resolved emission inventory. Our gridded, time-resolved inventory provides an improved basis for inversion of atmospheric methane observations to estimate US methane emissions and guide understanding of the underlying processes.